สิ่งอำนวยความสะดวกสำหรับผู้พิการ

     
REST ROOMS
 
  1. PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

Fig. 1

Fig. 2

Fig. 3

Fig. 4

Fig. 5

Fig. 6

Fig. 7

 

 

 
 

Insufficient space inside a rest room.

 
 

Poor design and positioning of fixtures and fittings.

 
 

Taps that are difficult to grip.

 
 

2. PLANNING PRINCIPLE

 
  To provide sufficient accessible space inside rest rooms, with all fixtures and fittings being within easy reach.  
  3. DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS  
  3.1 General  
 

Turning circles of 1.50 m diameter are recommended inside the rest room to allow for full-turn maneuvering of a wheelchair.

 
 

The ease of transfering from a wheelchair to a toilet seat or bidet
depends on the approach. In general there are four different approaches:

 
 

(a) The parallel approach, which is the easiest (fig. 1);

 
 

(b) The diagonal approach, which is difficult (fig. 2);

 
  (c) The perpendicular approach, which is also difficult (fig. 3);  
  (d) The frontal approach which is the most difficult and needs particular care (fig. 4).  
 

3.2 Public rest rooms

 
 

In any public rest room, at least one compartment for each sex should be accessible to an ambulant disabled person.

 
 

In any public rest room at least one unisex com partment  should be accessible to a wheelchair user.

 
 

Accessible rest rooms should be marked with the international symbol of accessibility. No indication is needed if all rest rooms are accessible.

 
 

Pivoted doors should open outward unless sufficient space is provided within the toilet stall.

 
 

3.3 Special public rest rooms

 
 

Installation of a separate unisex unit is always desirable in public buildings, even when all rest rooms are accessible, so as to allow a disabled person to be assisted by an attendant of the opposite sex.

 
 

Special rest rooms should be marked with the international symbol of accessibility but should not be the only accessible rest rooms.

 
 

A water-closet and a lavatory should be provided within special rest rooms.

 
 

The size and layout of special rest rooms should comply with the minimum requirements (fig. 5).

 
 

3.4 Residential rest rooms

 
 

Residential rest rooms include those in private residences, health facilities, dormitories and other residential institutional settings.

 
 

Residential bathrooms are usually equipped with a toilet, a bidet, a wash-basin and a bath-tub or shower.

 
  In multiple-rest-room arrangements (such as dormitories):  
 

(a) Only one wash-basin per rest room needs to be accessible;

 
  (b) At least one shower stall and one toilet stall should be designed for a wheelchair user.  
  To save space in private occupancies:  
 

(a) The tiled floor area adjacent to the tub can be used as a shower space;

 
 

(b) The wash-basin seat might be used as a seat during the use of the wash-basin or the hand shower.

 
  The size and layout of residential rest rooms should comply with the minimum requirements (fig. 6).  
  3.5 Rest room fixtures  
 

1) Water closets:

 
 

The size and layout of water-closets and toilet stalls should comply with the minimum requirement (fig. 7) (fig. 8).

 
 

The height of the toilet seat should be between 0.45 m and 0.50 m from the finished floor level. (1)

 
 

The distance between the center line of the toilet seat and the adjacent wall, if provided with a grip bar, should be between 0.45 m and 0.50 m.

 
 

Grab bars should be mounted on the wall behind the water closet, if it is of the tankless type, and on the side wall closest to the water closet, or mounted on the floor at the edges of the seat. (2)

 
 

Grab bars should be mounted at a height between 0.85 m and 0.95 m from the floor.

 
 

Flushing arrangements and toilet paper should be placed within reach at a height between 0.50 m and 1.20 m.

 
 

Accessible hand-operated flushing controls, located on the open side of the water-closet, are recommended.

 
  Wall-mounted water closets are recommended.  
 

2) Lavatories:

 
 

The dimensions of lavatories should comply with the minimum requirements (fig. 9).

 
  The height of a wash basin should be between 0.80 m and 0.85 m above the finished floor level.  
 

The distance between the center line of the wash-basin and the adjacent side wall should at least be 0.45 m.

 
  The wash-basin may be drawn forward from the wall a distance between 0.15 m and 0.20 m.  
  No shelves must be located above the wash- basin.  
 

3)Bath-tubs:

 
 

In general bath-tubs are difficult to use by those confined to a wheelchair without the help of an attendant.

 
  The dimensions of bath-tubs should comply with the minimum requirements (fig. 10).  
  The minimum dimensions of the bath-tub should be 1.60 m x 0.70 m.  
  The height of the tub should be between 0.45 m and 0.50 m from finished floor level.  
  An in-tub seat or a seat at the same height of the tub should be provided at the head side of the tub. (1)  
  A grab bar should be mounted on the wall between 0.85 m and 0.95 m from the finished floor level. (2)  
  Tubs with a toe recess are recommended.  
 

4) Showers:

 
  The dimensions of showers should comply with the minimum requirements (fig. 11) (fig. 12).  
 

The shower should have a seat conveniently positioned for the shower head at a height of 0.45 m and 0.50 m. (1)

 
  The shower seat should be of the hinged pull-down or removable type, not spring-loaded.